April 15, 2018 · Cosmetic Surgery · (No comments)

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By Moses Wright

Unknown to many, there are two main types of bipolar disorder, namely Bipolar I Disorder and Bipolar II Disorder. The key difference between the two disorders is whether the person has had a manic episode or not. To distinguish the differences, one would have to understand manic episodes and depressive episodes symptoms of Bipolar disorder.

The symptoms of a manic episode are magnified self-esteem, reduced need for sleep, chattiness, racing thoughts or flight of ideas, distractibility, increase in goal-directed activity, and extreme superfluous involvement in pleasurable activities such as wild shopping or sexual indiscretions that might have negative potential consequences.

According to the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual (DSM IV) of the American Psychiatric Association, if a person experiences a mood disturbance such as unexplained, persistent euphoria along with three or more of those symptoms for at least one week and it is affecting their ability to function well and be productive, they are having a manic episode. If these symptoms are caused by drug abuse or a medical condition, such as hyperthyroidism, then they are not considered to be indication of a manic episode.

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The symptoms of a depressive episode are a persistent depressed mood, diminished or total absence of pleasure and happiness, weight loss or weight gain, insomnia or increased need for sleep, observable restlessness or slow body movement, fatigue, feelings of worthlessness or excessive guilt, reduced ability to think or concentrate, and recurrent thoughts of death or suicide.

If someone is experiencing five of the symptoms of depression for at least two weeks, and at least one of those symptoms such as a depressed mood or loss of interest in pleasurable activities, they are having a depressive episode. These symptoms should cause significant distress or impairment and not be caused by drug abuse or a medical condition in order to count towards the criteria for a depressive episode.

To look at the two types of bipolar disorder closely. A person is said to have Bipolar I Disorder if he has ever experience at least one manic episode together with depression episodes. For Bipolar II Disorder, the person must experience only one or more depression episode with at least one episode of hypomania, but without manic episodes. The difference between the two disorders is that a person with Bipolar I Disorder must experience manic episode whose symptoms are describe as above.

It is not usually for someone to mistake the type of bipolar disorder as a grading based on the severity of the symptoms. This is not true as Bipolar I Disorder and Bipolar II Disorder differ on the experiencing of manic episodes. It is more of a classification based on the degree to which the mania occurs than on the level of impairment the disorder causes.

Bipolar disorder affects individuals differently. Taking a sample of people who have been diagnosed with Bipolar I Disorder, you will find a large spectrum of varied levels of impairment, distress, and adaptation to the disorder. The same is true for those who suffer from Bipolar II Disorder.

If you know anyone or even yourself have been diagnosed with bipolar disorder, and have questions about this mental illness. You should speak with your doctor and find out more. Educate yourself about bipolar disorder and how it affects you and family members is an important step towards recovery and health.

About the Author: Moses Wright is the webmaster of

Manic-Depression.net

. He provides more helpful information on Bipolar Disorder Symptoms on his web site.

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March 26, 2018 · Cosmetic Surgery · (No comments)

By Steve Madigan

Memory loss or amnesia is an uncommon forgetfulness that can happen due to brain damage. Illness, injury or extreme mental distress can be the causes of this brain damage. Memory loss can be grouped using many criteria. Loss of memory can be classified into permanent and temporary memory loss on the basis of the time span of the memory loss. Memory loss is also sorted into short-term memory loss or long-term memory loss depending on the nature of the memory that gets affected. Memory loss can occur almost suddenly and can also take shape over a long period of time. What causes memory loss? All of them are caused due to specific reasons.

Long-term memory (LTM) is memory that is stored as meaning. It may remain for ages. It may also be very short lived, say, for only 30 seconds. Long-term memory (LTM) is functionally and structurally different from working memory or short-term memory. Working memory or short-term memory apparently retains information for only 30 seconds or so. Biologically, short-term memory is a short-lived potentiation of neural connections. By meaningfully correlating them and through rehearsals, short-term memory can become long-term memory. It is thought that by the long lasting enhancement of the neural connections short-term memories are stored as LTM. The structure of neurons undergoes a physical change due to this. But the time required at each step of this memory processing is still being studied.

Tarnow’s theory says that long-term memories are retained in dream format. This is similar to the discoveries of Penfield & Rasmussen which says that electrical excitations of cortex result in experiences resembling dreams.

It is important to find out what short-term memory is. Scientists are investigating the brain and its functioning. We are getting to know how the brain processes and stores memory. We are also learning about ways to enhance these processes.

So what is short-term memory?

The memory function in the brain which acutely stores and processes events, images, data is known as short-term memory. It is a kind of place for storage in our brain so that it can be decided whether these memories are to be used promptly and/or reserve them to long -term storage. Short-term memory functions as a filter as well as a workplace for the things we are processing. It is much easier to access and utilize information from short-term memory than long-term memory.

What causes short-term memory and long term memory loss?

— Ageing

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— Alzheimer’s disease

— Neurodegenerative illness

— Head trauma or injury

— panic often along with by confusion

— Seizures

— common anesthetics like halothane, isoflurane, and fentanyl

— Alcoholism

— Stroke or momentary ischemic attack (TIA)

— transitory universal amnesia

— Drugs like barbiturates or benzodiazepines

— Electroconvulsive therapy (particularly on a long-term basis)

— sequential lobe brain surgery

— Brain masses (occurs due to lump or infectivity)

— Herpes encephalitis

— additional brain illness

— dejection

In these cases support from family members should be made available. The patient must be familiarized with reality by providing familiar music, objects, or photos. Some cases might need assistance for relearning.

Medication schedules should be written down so that there is no burden on memorizing.

Extensive amenities for care and treatment like nursing homes are a worthwhile consideration. They are more needed for patients whose basic needs cannot be dealt in any other way and whose safety and nutrition are at a risk.

What causes short-term memory loss after naps?

The rates of sensing of all the sensors are brought down while sleeping. The stimulation margins are increased at this time. This allows the process of transferring information to continue without any disturbance. Only if some danger occurs or a threat signal is received this process might be interrupted. Thus information from the sensors/surroundings is not received at this time. This allows the working memory to perform the transfer of data. It is similar to a sort of housekeeping. The working memory redeems information from the temporary memory. Then it compares this redeemed information with similar files stored earlier in the long-term memory. If any undesirable, duplicate or overlapping data is found it is deleted. The data that is considered to be relevant, new or updated is encoded and put into long-term memory. The temporary memory stays in a state of only retrieving information at this time. Hence any brain activities like dreams are not imprinted on to the temporary memory. The short-term/working memory store is the only memory store that can record brain activities consciously in this time period.

About the Author: Visit Memory Enhancement Techniques and download Free our eBook on

How to Memorize Things Faster.

You will learn some great tips on how to

improve your memory skills.

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March 19, 2018 · Cosmetic Surgery · (No comments)

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Submitted by: Jon Caldwell

In a completely edentulous case, one replacement method that can be built upon the dental implant is the ball-and-socket removable denture. Overall, the ball-and-socket removable denture is said to be the simplest method that can be used to replace an ill-fitting denture. This may usually need 2-4 implants, depending on the quantity and quality of the bone present in the area. Dentists find that this overdenture is more suited for the lower jaw compared to its fit in the upper jaw. Also, in this overdenture, implants have ball-type inserts which are either screwed or cemented into them in order to fit into an O-ring type attachment sites in the underside of the denture.

Being without teeth or being edentulous can gravely affect how a person functions in daily life. We have learned that a completely edentulous case means that all of the teeth in the upper or lower arch and that there are several replacements which can be used on such a condition. On the other hand, a partially edentulous case means that patients only have some of their natural teeth missing. This could possibly result from mild deterioration of the teeth or from a minor accident. Such case can easily be remedied using two types of replacements: a) The Fixed Bridge where cement or a screw is used, and; b) The Single Tooth Replacement.

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Dental implant case types are normally categorized according to whether all or only some of the teeth are missing. Cases are then further classified according to the type of replacement teeth needed to be built on the implants. When a case is classified as completely edentulous, it means that all of the patient s teeth in the upper or lower arch are missing. This could probably be a result of an extreme deterioration of the teeth or of a serious accident. Completely edentulous cases typically requires any of the following types of replacement teeth: a) The Ball and Socket Removable Overdenture; b) The Bar-Retained Removable Overdenture; c) The Screwed-in Fixed Bridge, and; d) The Cemented Fixed Bridge.

Unfortunately, it seems that getting that right dental insurance for implants is harder than one thinks, and if one does find a dental insurance plan that covers dental implants, it will still bring about a certain degree of anxiety since most probably, the total costs of getting dental implants will certainly not be covered by the insurance plan. Yes, that s right talk about insurance headaches. Expect that most insurance providers will agree to pay only a part of the dental procedure (like paying for the co pay for the implant treatment or a percentage of the entire treatment costs). Just be sure to check carefully for the policies that your dental insurance provider has given you so that you can prepare the extra budget needed in getting your dental implants.

We all know how much a dental implant costs nowadays and not being able to prepare financially for such an expensive dental procedure can surely take a toll on your personal savings. That is why it is important to do some extra research on dental insurance plans that can cover dental implants surgery. More often than not, dental insurance plans with implant insurance are more costly than the average dental insurance plan and a lot of patients attest to the difficulty of securing a good implant insurance plan. Some insurance companies even have their patients wait for a year or more before dental implant surgery can be covered. In short, it will be a lot harder for patients to find a suitable dental implant insurance plan so it is highly advisable for them to consider all financial options available.

About the Author: Jon Caldwell is a professional content manager. Much of his articles can be found at

aboutdentalimplant.com

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