January 14, 2020 · Uncategorized · (No comments)

Parking a luxury rental bus can be troublesome at times because of its sheer size and visibility from afar. Learn how to park parallel, or parking on a hill, or illegal parking. Check your side-view mirrors while parking, here for other cars that are backing out of their parking space and always allow yourself a lot of space to park the bus.

You can now easily do your Volvo booking in Lucknow or hire a luxury bus in Kanpur and travel around cities to savour the picnics, monument, food and culture. Travelling for pleasure is a marvelous way to kill your worries of daily life or work even if it is only for a matter of days or weeks.

More information about long term parking sydney here

Singing, dancing, partying would be the best ways to get rejuvenated from the daily humdrum pace of life. Nowadays, luxury buses save you the time and the inconvenient ways of travelling where you need to struggle with the seats, climate or pollution; instead these luxury rental buses offer you cosy seats with enough privacy and also air conditioned interiors and ample entertainment options. Parking a luxury rental bus can be troublesome at times because of its sheer size and visibility from afar.

Here are a few tips for safe parking of your luxury rental buses –

Always remove the keys from the ignition point and lock the bus positively. Keeping the keys at ignition would not only make it prone to be stolen, but also terrible accidents can happen due to such negligence.

A certified, licensed driver is a must. Check the driver’s credentials and practical road skills before employing him for the trip. Be sure of his character and alert of your surroundings while driving. But if one of your acquaintances is going behind the wheel, be confident in his/her driving skills and positively carry the driver’s license and other necessary documents.

Park the Volvo bus away from dangerous sites. Ensure that the spot you are planning to park is strong and wide enough for the bus. Make sure the bus is also parked away from fire sites.

Leaving your costly valuables in plain sight is a big no-no. Do not tempt a thief or dacoit to loot you. Either carry your valuables along with you or keep it hidden. Don’t leave your address, name, credit card, jewelleries, wallet, laptop and cameras behind.

Install a GPS if you don’t know the city at all. GPS maps would guide you through safer and prominent roads and will show you nearest habitations and hospitals.

The parking spot should not be dark, desolate garage. It should be well lit with proper security. Keep the bus parked as close as you can dare to your destination, preferably near the elevators, door or stairs.

Before parking the bus, look around and observe carefully. After being sure that the locality doesn’t seem too bad, leave and lock the door and walk away without looking around too much. Also, when coming back to board the bus to leave, keep the key ready in your hand.

Learn how to park parallel, or parking on a hill, or illegal parking. Mastering them will help you a lot because parking a Volvo bus is no easy feat.

Check your side-view mirrors while parking, here for other cars that are backing out of their parking space and always allow yourself a lot of space to park the bus.

Lastly, speed is not required here, braking is. Instead of keeping pressure on the accelerator, keep your foot on the brake pedal. Drive in at a low speed and always brake promptly.

If you can keep few safety points in mind, then car booking in Lucknow is not a big deal and you can always enjoy a customised tour alike you would do in your own vehicle. With many developments in the city, Bus services In Lucknow has actually become very convenient and hassle free. Shankertravels is one of the most reputed travel agencies who have a host of bus and car booking facilities in Lucknow and neighbouring cities.

Source: Free Articles from ArticlesFactory.com

January 13, 2020 · Uncategorized · (No comments)

Since its inception over 70 years ago, Wolf has established itself as one of the most sought after producers of cooking equipment in the world, with Wolf’s Dual Fuel range proving a popular choice for many of the world’s top chefs. All Wolf products are hand built in the USA, boast classic design features and offer unrivalled cooking performance. Undoubtedly it’s these features that make Wolf cookers so appealing but there’s much more to a Dual Fuel range than initially meets the eye.

For more information specifically about wolf appliances click the link

Versatility and performance
As the name suggests, Wolf Dual Fuel ranges offer the best of both worlds, delivering both gas and electric cooking. On the surface of the range, the dual-stacked gas burners offer maximum versatility; from the the faintest flame for melting chocolate direct in the pan or gentle simmering, to a roaring 4.8kW heat for searing and sautéing There are nine different gas top configurations to choose from, including a specialist French Top, charbroiler and griddle top.

The Dual Fuel range is available in three size configurations; 914mm, 1219mm and 1524mm, each size range offering a variety of models with different surface configuration options. While the 914mm model may be the smallest of the bunch, it has a huge 153 litre capacity – more than ample room for a traditional roast dinner with all the trimmings. At the other end of the scale, the 1524mm Dual Fuel range has two 127 litre capacity ovens – perfect for those with a lot of mouths to feed or for the strains of a professional kitchen environment.

The oven cavities are self-cleaning, dual-convection electric ovens, with four heating elements and two fans. The unique dual convection system found within Wolf appliances delivers even temperature and airflow throughout the oven, resulting in evenly cooked food every time. The oven offers ten different cooking modes:

Bake
Roast
Broil
Convection
Convection Bake
Convection Roast
Convection Broil
Proof
Bake Stone (requires bake stone accessory)
Dehydration (requires additional accessory)
Design

As well as providing top-quality cooking performance, the Dual Fuel range also boasts good looks and classic design features. On the outside, its stainless steel exterior and rugged control knobs make the range a joy to behold. On the inside is a striking cobalt-blue porcelain oven interior, making the range instantly recognisable as a Wolf.

On the front of the range is a concealed flip down control panel and digital temperature read-out, that allows you to check the status of the oven without having to bend down.

Customisation
As well as a selection of sizes and gas top configurations to choose from, there are also a number of accessories available for the Wolf Dual Fuel range which further expand its versatility. Some popular accessories for the Dual Fuel range include:

Red Knob Kit
Black Knob Kit
Stainless Steel Risers
Bake Stone
Oven Racks
Two-Piece Broiler Pan
Two-Burner Wok Grate
Two-Burner S-Grate
Hardwood Cutting Board
Dehydration Racks with Door Stop
Full extension ball bearing rack
Cobalt blue baking tray
Grill pan and temperature probe
Temperature probe

The Wolf Dual Fuel range is the ultimate dual fuel range cooker, offering features and levels of performance like no other. Wolf ovens are built to withstand the stresses and strains of professional kitchens but also make an ideal addition to the home kitchen. If you’re looking for a stylish range cooker that performs at a professional standard, look no further than a Wolf.

January 10, 2020 · Uncategorized · (No comments)

Have you thought about investing on something worthwhile, say, a Turkish property for instance?

Investing on properties in today’s day and age has never been the identical. In these competitive times, most people invest on just the best and high quality investment opportunities that exist to them. As well as, not all people realize the investing potential of investing on properties; some don’t even think that people get filthy rich in this industry.

More on investment property experts here

Check out the guys of Colordarcy investment. They’ve this wide selection of carefully selected properties easily obtainable in major countries throughout the world: from the Americas to Brazil, from Egypt, Greece to Portugal, Spain and Turkey. And one particular country to check out is the Eurasian Republic of Turkey.

European economists, with meticulous research and study, have forecasted this country will become Europe’s fastest-growing nation. The Financial Times (certainly one of today’s leading international business newspaper) described Turkey and properties in Turkey as one of its top ten investment locations.

The guys of Colordacy Investment have personally selected probably the most outstanding investment opportunities on every Turkish property, plus they even set a strict policy among themselves of only recommending projects which they themselves are willing to invest. Their Turkish investment property portfolio includes the best investment properties easily obtainable in Turkey.

Astonishingly, in accordance with some experts, the united states has a well-documented shortage on housing. Actually, it has been suggested it needs half-a-million new housing units by 2015. And half of that much-needed new housing is incorporated in the capital, Istanbul, where rental yields are impressively high. In Istanbul, you will discover the famed University City. Quarter-hour away from the airport are certainly one bed apartments in Esenyurt, a district with the Istanbul Province in addition to a part of the metropolitan municipality of Istanbul, It is also close to hospitals, schools and shops that are near to the city centre. Tourists from all over the world will flock to these portions with the city.

The Hamptons Istanbul apartments offer luxury studios situated in a burgeoning suburb of Istanbul, European Capital of Culture 2010. The Hamptons Istanbul apartments can be found in the up and coming suburb of Beylikduzu on the European side from the city. It’s also regarded as a Government-designated growth zone inside Istanbul metropolitan master plan. Situated only 2km from your beach, The Hamptons affords sea and scenic views and is well attached to central Istanbul. Beylikduzu in addition, is an established, family-orientated suburb whose inhabitants are expected to double to at least one million in the next 5 years. Discuss investment opportunity shortage.

Turkey also boasts certainly one of Turkish properties luxurious apartments, the N-Towers. Located in the developing district of Beylikdüzü on Istanbul’s European side, N-Towers offers selections of one- and two-bedroom luxury apartments with top quality facilities like laminated parquet flooring, thermal and sound insulation, and modern fitted kitchens. They also come with a choice of lake, garden or views over the city.

Whether it is big time, fire-proof investments or simply plain old business you’re thinking about, Colordarcy’s excellent choices on a Turkish rentals are the way to go.

For more information about overseas investment property and overseas property visit http://selectcaribbean.com

January 8, 2020 · Uncategorized · (No comments)

Parallel parking is a skill which distinguishes an expert driver from a good driver. While some states don’t test this on their driving exam, in many metropolitan and residential areas, this skill is a must.

There are a number of basic rules to keep in mind. First, the cellphone should be well away from the driver. Parallel parking demands complete attention. Next, go slow. Speed is a danger to good car control. Driving slowly ensures the driver has enough time to gauge traffic and distance and to turn the steering wheel the necessary amounts. Finally, relax! A tense driver is a nervous driver and one who makes errors.

Click the link for particulars about parking australia

As the parking space is approached, the driver needs to note whether there is enough room for their car. A few extra feet are needed in order to maneuver the car properly and safely. Turn on the turn indicator. Drive up next to the car in front, being parallel to it, and align the cars with both sets of back wheels being next to each other. Do not be too close to the parked car as it may be hit during this maneuver. A space of 3 to 6 inches is necessary.

Put the car in reverse. Turn the steering wheel all the way to the right and slowly back into the space. When the front wheels of the car being parked are even with the bumper of the front car, turn the steering wheel to the left so that the car will straighten out as the backing into place is completed. Continue backing slowly until the car’s rear bumper and the front bumper of a car in back are close and should be at a very slight angle now. It is unlikely the car will be perfectly positioned at this point. It takes three movements or more to properly parallel park.

Put the car into drive. Turn the steering wheel towards the right. Pull forward slowly, straightening and aligning the car with the front and back cars. Make sure the car being parked is in the middle of the marked parking space and about six to twelve inches away from the curb. It may take a few short attempts, backing and forth for the spacing to be correct.

Don’t worry if it takes more than one try to parallel park properly. Simply indicate that you are about to pull into traffic. Move into the driving lane again, pull up next to the front car, put the turn indicator on and try again to practice parallel parking even more.

Congratulations! You have mastered the driving skill which has been the bane of many driving students.

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Fires out at the Hertfordshire Oil Storage Terminal
November 9, 2019 · Uncategorized · (No comments)

Tuesday, December 13, 2005

After two days, the 2005 Hertfordshire Oil Storage Terminal fire has finally been extinguished.

The fires began after a series of explosions early on the morning of 11 December 2005. The terminal, known locally as the Buncefield Depot, is an oil storage facility located near Hemel Hempstead in Hertfordshire in the United Kingdom. These were some of the largest explosions ever to occur in the country and the incident has been described as the biggest of its kind in peacetime Europe.

The Hertfordshire Fire Service chief Roy Wilsher said: “There are still some small bund (concrete container) fires, but the tanks are out.”

Fire crews would remain at the scene over the next few days cooling the area to ensure fires did not break out again, he said.

A few residents are being allowed to return to their homes within an exclusion zone set up around the site.

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UK Parliament begins debate on Brexit deal
November 9, 2019 · Uncategorized · (No comments)

Thursday, December 6, 2018

On Tuesday, the United Kingdom Parliament started five days of debates ahead of a vote over Prime Minister Theresa May’s deal to leave the European Union.

The deal being debated is a withdrawal agreement for the United Kingdom (UK)’s exit from the European Union (EU), and a political framework defining ambitions for the future of the UK–EU relationship.

I have spent nearly two years negotiating this deal

In a statement to the House of Commons shortly before debates began, Theresa May said “I have spent nearly two years negotiating this deal […] I have lost valued colleagues along the way, I have faced fierce criticism from all sides. If I had banged the table, walked out of the room, and at the end of the process delivered the very same deal that is before us today, some might say that I’d done a better job.”

Following the debates, a vote in the House of Commons is to determine if the deal will be implemented. The vote is scheduled for next Tuesday, December 11.

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Billy West, voice of Ren and Stimpy, Futurama, on the rough start that shaped his life
October 30, 2019 · Uncategorized · (No comments)
This article mentions the Wikimedia Foundation, one of its projects, or people related to it. Wikinews is a project of the Wikimedia Foundation.

Wednesday, February 13, 2008

Ren and Stimpy. Bugs Bunny. Philip J. Fry and Professor Hubert Farnsworth on Futurama. Sparx. Bi-Polar Bear. Popeye the Sailor Man. Woody Woodpecker. You may not think you have ever heard Billy West, but chances are on a television program, a movie, a commercial, or as Howard Stern’s voice guru in the 1990’s, you have heard him. West’s talent for creating personalities by twisting his voice has made him one of a handful of voice actors—Hank Azaria and the late Mel Blanc come to mind—who have achieved celebrity for their talent. Indeed, West is one of the few voice actors who can impersonate Blanc in his prime, including characterizations of Bugs Bunny, Daffy Duck, Elmer Fudd and other characters from Warner Bros. cartoons.

What is the fulcrum in Mr. West’s life that led him to realize a talent to shape personalities with his voice, and how did the discovery of that gift shape him? Wikinews reporter David Shankbone found that like many great comedians, West faced more sour early in life than he did sweet. The sour came from a physically and emotionally abusive alcoholic father (“I could tell you the kind of night I was going to have from the sound of the key in the door or the way the car pulled up.”), to his own problems with drug and alcohol use (“There is a point that you can reach in your life where you don’t want to live, but you haven’t made the decision to die.”).

I’m telling you stuff that I never said to anybody…

If sin, suffering and redemption feel like the stages of an endless cycle of American existence, West’s own redemption from his brutalized childhood is what helped shape his gift. He performed little bits to cheer up his cowed mother, ravaged by the fact she could not stop her husband’s abuse of young West. “I was the whipping boy and she would just be reduced to tears a lot of times, and I would come in and say stuff, and I would put out little bits just to pull her out of it.”

But West has also enjoyed the sweet. His career blossomed as his talent for creating entire histories behind fictional characters and creatures simply by exploring nuance in his voice landed him at the top of his craft. You may never again be able to forget that behind the voice of your favorite character, there is often an extraordinary life.

Below is David Shankbone’s interview with renowned voice actor Billy West, who for the first time publicly talks about the horrors he faced in his childhood; his misguided search for answers in anger, drugs and alcohol; and the peace he has achieved as one of America’s most recognizable voice actors.

Contents

  • 1 The use of celebrities for voiceovers
  • 2 Iconic characters and choosing projects
  • 3 Discovering his talent
  • 4 “It was a horror chamber where I grew up”
  • 5 West moves to Boston after his parents divorce
  • 6 How West dealt with his father’s abuse
  • 7 Rehabilitation and sobriety
  • 8 Is West glad he experienced addiction?
  • 9 West on his career
  • 10 West on politics
  • 11 Billy West on modern American society
  • 12 Billy West on telling it like it is
  • 13 Source

Ben Shephard announces departure from GMTV

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Ben Shephard announces departure from GMTV
October 30, 2019 · Uncategorized · (No comments)

Friday, April 23, 2010

Ben Shephard has announced his departure from GMTV, the current television breakfast programme on ITV in the United Kingdom, having been a presenter on the programme for ten years. His current contract ends in April 2010, but he is expected to leave by the end of the Summer of 2010, according to the Press Association.

Initially, Shephard only presented an entertainment section of the television programme before being given a promotion to the sofa in 2005. He is the third presenter to leave GMTV within the last year, after the departures of Fiona Phillips and Penny Smith.

According to a statement released from Ben Shephard’s agent: “Ben’s two-year contract with GMTV is up at the end of April. Earlier this year, his management made it clear that he would not be renewing it, but would be happy to stay on temporarily during this transitional period. Ben is excited about moving on after 10 incredible years and will be focusing on a number of new projects with ITV and other channels.”

Adrian Chiles, who recently announced his departure from the BBC after modifications were made to The One Show — a show that he presented with Christine Bleakley — was recently reported to be appearing as a presenter on GMTV in the future.

2006 “Stolenwealth” Games to confront Commonwealth Games in Melbourne

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2006 “Stolenwealth” Games to confront Commonwealth Games in Melbourne
October 18, 2019 · Uncategorized · (No comments)

Friday, March 3, 2006

The possibility of large-scale protests in the face of the 3,000 journalists covering the Melbourne 2006 Commonwealth Games, has event organisers and the Government worried.

The group “Black GST” – which represents Indigenous Genocide, Sovereignty and Treaty – are planning demonstrations at prominent Games events unless the Government agrees to a range of demands including an end to Aboriginal genocide, Aboriginal Sovereignty and the signing of a treaty.

The Black GST say they hope the focus of the world’s media will draw attention to the plight of indigenous Australians during the Games. Organisers say supporters are converging from across Australia and from overseas. Organisers say up to 20,000 people may take part in talks, rallies, colourful protests and many cultural festivities designed to pressure the Federal Government on Indigeneous rights issues. They want the Government to provide a temporary campsite for the supporters, saying “organised chaos was better than disorganised chaos.”

The 2006 Stolenwealth Games convergence, described by organisers as the “cultural festival of the 2006 Commonwealth Games,” was virtually opened on March 2nd with the launch of the official “Stolenwealth Games” website. Scoop Independent News and Perth Indymedia reported that the launch was held at Federation Square in Melbourne. The site contents were projected via wireless laptop by the Stolenwealth Games General Manager, and a tour of the website was given on the big screen. He said “overwhelming amusement was the response from the audience.” The group say permanent access points to the website are being set up at public internet facilities across Victoria during the coming weeks.

“Interest in the Stolenwealth Games is building all over the world and this fresh, exciting and contemporary site will draw in people from Stolenwealth Nations around the globe to find out about the latest news and events,” said a Stolenwealth Games spokesperson. “We have been getting many requests from around the world wanting to know about the Stolenwealth Games. We have provided many ways that individuals and organisations can support the campaign by spreading the word.”

The Victorian Traditional Owner Land Justice Group (VTOLJG) which represents the first nation groups of Victoria, has announced its support to boycott the 2006 Commonwealth Games until the Government “recognises Traditional Owner rights.” The group asserts that culture has been misappropriated in preparation for the Games.

Organisers of the campaign say they welcome the formal support from the Traditional Owners. “While some seek to divide and discredit Indigenous Australia, this support is further evidence that the Aboriginal people are united in opposition to the ongoing criminal genocide that is being perpetrated against the Aboriginal people” said Black GST supporter and Aboriginal Elder, Robbie Thorpe.

“We now have endorsement from the VTOLJG and the Aboriginal Tent Embassy for the aims and objectives of the Campaign and we are looking forward to hosting all indigenous and non-indigenous supporters from across Australia in March,” he said. The Black GST group have said “the convergence will be held as a peaceful, family-focussed demonstration against genocide, and for the restoration of sovereignty and the negotiations towards a Treaty.”

But the campaign has received flak in mainstream media, such as Melbourne’s Herald Sun, who wrote: “the proposal to allow BlackGST to set up an Aboriginal tent embassy at a site well away from the Commonwealth Games will be interpreted by some as the State Government caving in to a radical protest group. A major concern for the Government… is to protect the event from disruption… no chances should be taken…”

The Black GST has been planning the convergence for months, calling for Aboriginal people and their supporters to converge on Melbourne. The Melbourne-based Indigenous rights group have called on thousands of people concerned about the plight of indigenous Australians to converge on Melbourne during the Games, which they have dubbed “the Stolenwealth Games”. But the choice of Kings Domain has made conflict almost inevitable, as the area is one of the areas gazetted by the State Government as a “Games management zone”.

Under the Commonwealth Games Arrangements Act, any area gazetted as a management zone is subject to a range of specific laws – including bans on protesting, creating a disturbance and other activities. The protest bans will be in effect at different times and places, and offenders can be arrested. A spokeswoman for the Black GST, which advocates peaceful protest, said the site had been chosen because it was close to where the Queen will stay on March 15. “We figured that she is only in Melbourne for 27 hours or something like that so we thought we would make it easy for her to come next door and see us,” she said. “We are a very open, welcoming group, so she will be welcome to come and join us.”

Kings Domain is the burial site for 38 indigenous forefathers of Victoria. Black GST elder, Targan, said trade union groups have offered to install infrastructure at the site. The group initially worked with the State Government to find a suitable camp site, but the relationship broke down when the Government failed to meet a deadline imposed by the protesters. “While we are disappointed the ministers were not able to meet deadline on our request, we thank them for their constructive approach towards negotiations and the open-door policy exercised,” said Targan.

A spokesman for Games Minister Justin Madden said the Government was still investigating other sites. Victoria Police Games security commander Brendan Bannan said he was not convinced the Black GST represented the views of most indigenous people. “We are dealing with the Aboriginal community and they don’t seem to support it at all … the wider Aboriginal community don’t support disruption to the Games at all,” he said.

The Government was told that Black GST supporters would camp in Fitzroy Gardens and other city parks should it fail to nominate a site. A spokesman for Aboriginal Affairs Minister Gavan Jennings said the Government was taking the issue seriously, but had not been able to finalise a campsite before the deadline.

Under special Games laws, people protesting or causing a disturbance in “Games management zones” can be arrested and fined. While prominent public spaces such as Federation Square, Birrarung Marr, Albert Park and the Alexandra Gardens fall under the legislation, such tough anti-protest laws cannot be enforced in the nearby Fitzroy Gardens.

Games chairman Ron Walker has urged the group to choose another date for its protest march through the city, which is currently planned to coincide with the opening ceremony on March 15. The group believes that an opportunity to gain attention for indigenous issues was lost at the Sydney Olympics and has vowed to make a highly visible presence at the Games.

The Black GST said the Australian Aboriginal Tent Embassy’s sacred flame, burning over many years at the Canberra site will be carried to Melbourne before the Games, and its arrival would mark the opening of the protest camp from where a march will proceed to the MCG before the Opening Ceremony.

Black GST claims supporters from all over Australia, including three busloads from the West Australian Land Council, will gather in Melbourne during the Games for peaceful protests.

Aboriginal Affairs Minister Gavin Jennings had offered Victoria Park to the protesters. Victoria Park, former home of Collingwood Football Club, where one of the strongest statements of Aboriginal pride, when St Kilda star Nicky Winmar in 1993 raised his jumper and pointed to his bare chest after racial taunts from the Collingwood crowd.

Black GST, which has labelled the Games the Stolenwealth Games, said the State Government had failed to find a suitable venue. Black GST may encourage protesters to camp in prominent parks such as Fitzroy Gardens and Treasury Gardens. Graffiti supporting the action has also appeared in central Melbourne.

Melbourne City councillor Fraser Brindley has offered his home to the Black GST organisers. “I offered my home up to people who are organising visitors to come to the Games,” he said. Cr Brindley will be overseas when the Commonwealth Games are held and has offered the free accommodation at his flat at Parkville. He said he agreed with the protesters’ view that treaties needed to be signed with indigenous Australians. “I’m offering it up to the indigenous people who are coming to remind Her Majesty that her Empire took this land from them,” said Cr Brindlley. Nationals leader Peter Ryan said: “This extremist group has no part in the Australian community.” Melbourne councillor Peter Clarke said the actions were embarrassing and that he would try to discourage him. “It’s not in the spirit of the Games,” he said.

Aboriginal elder, Targan, said the possibility of securing Victoria Park was delightfully ironic. “There’s a lot of irony going on,” Targan, 53, a PhD student at Melbourne University, said. “GST stands for Genocide, Sovereignty and Treaty. We want the genocide of our people to stop; we want some sovereignty over traditional land, certainly how it is used, and we want a treaty with the government,” Targan said.

Polish exercise book advertisement copies Wikipedia content, violates copyright

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Polish exercise book advertisement copies Wikipedia content, violates copyright
October 10, 2019 · Uncategorized · (No comments)
This article mentions the Wikimedia Foundation, one of its projects, or people related to it. Wikinews is a project of the Wikimedia Foundation.

Friday, October 24, 2008

On August 21, the Polish weekly Przekrój published an advertisement for Dan-Mark exercise books, bearing the logo of 4fun.tv, a Polish music/interactive TV station. Part of the advertisement contained a definition of the word “exercise book”. The wording looked familiar, and Wikinews consulted Wikipedia, the collaborative online encyclopedia.

Upon seeing the Wikipedia definition, it appeared that the entry quoted in the promotional material was identical to the initial two paragraphs of the relevant Wikipedia entry.

Freelance reporters for the Polish Wikinews decided to find out the reason for such a similarity and whether either of the texts (the advertisement’s or Wikipedia’s) might be a case of copyright violation.

The reporters contacted a Jaros?aw Janas, Creative Director of 4fun.tv., where the ad appeared. His reply included the following claim:

The text of the definition has been taken from an encyclopedic publication which is older than 50 years and therefore not subject to copyright protection. The fact of coincidental similarity cannot be considered equal to plagiarism, because as we all know Wikipedia is a place which publishes texts and definitions that have already existed in different forms in other publications released before.

Copyright on text does not last for fifty years as claimed by Janas, but for 70 years after the death of the author.

To investigate the authenticity of the above claims, Wikinews asked the main author of the two paragraphs in question, Wikipedian Julo, about the sources used to write the entry. He confirmed that he had written the text in question, and not copied it from an encyclopedic publication as claimed by Jana.

It is therefore impossible that both Julo and the people responsible for the exercise book advertisement have used the same uncopyrighted encyclopedia, thus coincidentally creating identical texts. The reporters also noted that the first draft of the introduction to the article was written by WaldemarWolskiHuta (February 2006). Afterward the text had undergone some modifications by Julo (September 2006), as well as Picus viridis and Beno (March 2008). However, the text presented in the press promotional material, which – according to 4fun.tv – came from an old-print encyclopedia is identical to the Wikipedia entry after the changes mentioned above had been made. Julo added that he was still alive, together with the other authors of the article in question who constituted the group of the copyright co-holders. This naturally led to a conclusion that neither 50 nor 70 years could have passed since their death. He left 4fun.tv’s actions with a comment that although the contents he and the other Wikimedians had made public and free, they are far from making them available in any “free style”, but under a specified license.

In follow up messages to Jaros?aw Janas, Wikinews reporters confronted the creative director over his seemingly inaccurate claims.

Wikinews was told in a reply that 4fun.tv would ignore the claims unless they see permission from the author of the original content to investigate this story. They were also informed that further e-mails without any specifics sent by the reporter would be qualified as spam. 4fun.tv’s creative director further added that he found the reporter’s picture on the Internet and asked how the person would feel if this picture was to appear on billboards or press releases that advertised the TV station.

Wikipedia does allow copying of its content under certain conditions. The encyclopedia’s content is released under the GNU Free Documentation License, which means that it can be copied, modified, and used commercially and non-commercially – under the conditions that the license’s text is included with the copied content and the five main authors are mentioned. If a part of the article is used, like in the example quoted in this news story, a “right to quote”, recognized by Polish law, may be used. In such a case it suffices to mention the source of the text (Polish Wikipedia) and the author of the excerpt. 4fun.tv met none of these conditions, meaning that copyright has been violated.

Over a year ago Polish Wikinews reported on a similar problem, regarding the use of free-licensed photographs. Since that time such “borrowings” have become less frequent, however photos are still being used in discordance with the license. Journalists have gotten used to citing sources, e.g. Wikipedia, although licensing conditions require attributing the actual author, not the source. So instead of attributing John Doe for his contribution, agencies like Polska Agencja Prasowa (Polish Press Agency) are attributing the source, Wikipedia.

In early September 2008 a similar situation occurred in relation to the Polish edition of Wiktionary. Gazeta Wyborcza, a Polish daily, published an IKEA advertisement, on the opening page of which an almost word-for-word Wiktionary entry was placed; additionally the advertisement used the characteristic MediaWiki layout. The reference to the external source used was missing.

In April 2008, an example of an Australian professor was cited; the scientist, in a reply to a news story, quoted a Wikipedia definition almost word-for-word. The same professor condemned the use of Wikipedia in his previous press appearances.

In 2005 Wikipedia material was discovered in the German weekly magazine Der Spiegel, which acknowledged its fault and published appropriate apologies in place of the article in the online edition.

Frontline magazine in 2007 was found using an image from Wikipedia without proper credit. When pointed out the magazine acknowledged the failing and a correction was promptly given in the subsequent issue.